Tariffs differ between peak and off-peak tariff; lower tariff can be applied during off-peak hours, to tempt customers to avoid peak hours.
This leads to less crowded vehicles during peak hours and more customers during off-peak hours, when there is enough space.
This results in several advantages:
- Less crowded vehicles ensure a more efficient operation as the dwelling time at stops are shorter
- When enough customers change their behaviour, it is possible to save on the most expensive exploitation hours
- It gives customers during the peak more comfort and a better travel experience
- The lower tariff during off-peak hours can attract new customers
Downside is that it can result in some customers, for which off-peak travelling is not an option, choosing other transport modes, like car, bike, etc.