Generally "combi tickets" are part of innovative fare management and a (limited) PT flat rate option for specified users. "combi tickets" are negotiated in co-operation with hosts of major events like concerts, football games, exhibitions, festivals, meetings, but also with hotels, airlines etc. and cover all PT mobility related to an event for specified customers. Similar working payments are the regulations in "Kurorten"/spa towns with "Kurtaxe"/visitor's tax that often integrates PT use for tourists staying at least one night and holding a visitor's ID in combination with reductions for tourist attractions.
"combi tickets" does not require technological efforts besides an add-on logo as imprint on entrance tickets or an QR Code for online versions/printouts. "combi tickets" are low priced due to large quantities of sales and are very attractive especially for all those who take the option and use PT instead of the car. "combi tickets" are valid in integrated systems throughout the region on all local available modes in Frankfurt, which is integrated in the regional RMV area that covers 2/3 of the federal state of Hessen. Providing adequate operations to meet the demands is cost-effective, because this usually covers operational times with low capacity utilisation.
Obligatory combi tickets/fixed contracts improve the benefits and integrate events with smaller audience with no/minor additional expenses. Implementation is achieved in two steps. Venues owned by municipality can be integrated easily by political decision, while privately owned venues can be integrated in second step with the need of financial and marketing incentives, such as website barter deals, influence on operations or on the naming of PT stops and by making allowances to council building regulations to gain greater business area with less costs for parking facilities.
"Kombitickets" are promising and useful for the purposes of CIPTEC, because the innovation is an easy way to gain new PT users in off-peak times, which is cost-effective and also increases capacity utilisation. Implementation will limit costs, because it saves distribution costs.