This solution introduces the flexibility in the daily schedules for certain activities that generate demand for transport services (e.g. work, education, etc.) (EPOMM, 2017a). It could also be combined with a reorganisation/re-engineering of the operations and practices of bodies, reducing the need to travel (e.g. introduction of tele-working for a number of days per month towards the reduction of energy cost of the businesses).
The flexibility in the working hours cannot be adopted in any kind of job and in all cases, as there are also personal reasons that may discourage people from following it (e.g. match with the schedules of other family members, etc.) (EPOMM, 2017a). The mutual agreement of both the employee and the employer is necessary for the successful implementation of the concept. Examples of the application of this solution include (i) changing the opening, working or appointment hours, (ii) working intensively for some days (compressed working weeks with longer working time per day), (iii) adapting the treatment of patient at hospitals, (iv) reforming the administrative procedures related to the citizens that are applied by the government (e.g. issuing of birth certificate, etc.), (KonSULT, 2016).
The solution aims to contribute in traffic congestion reduction in peak periods, travel time reduction for the employees, travel satisfaction increase that could result in higher productivity. The mobility pattern of the travellers is adjusted to better suit Public Transport system’s capacity. There no recent examples of this solution implemented in isolation to tackle congestion (KonSULT, 2016).